Double Tops and Double Bottoms Reversal Patterns

In this section, we will identify how to successfully spot the double top pattern and how to trade double tops effectively. The Double top pattern is a reversal trading pattern that signals the end of a bullish trend and the start of a new bearish trend. As the name suggests, the double top appears at the end of an uptrend. There is also an inverted version of the double top that appears at the end of a downtrend which is called the double bottom pattern.

The double top and double bottom patterns work on the same technical principles. The double top happens very frequently and are very reliable trading patterns to identify and lead to possible trend reversals.

In the first part of this trading guide, I will show you how to identify the double top pattern in real time.  Then I will cover a very simple trading strategy to take advantage of this reversal pattern to get you started.

How to Recognize Double Top Patterns

The double top is constructed by two consecutive highs. The standard double top pattern consists of three major elements.

  1. First, for the double top we need a prevailing uptrend followed by a quick pullback that leaves behind a peak or a top.
  2. The second phase of the double top pattern consists of a second rally that fails to break above the first peak. Usually, the second peak stops in the vicinity of the first peak.  If not exactly at the same price level it will be very close to the first peak.
  3. The last element of the double top pattern is the neckline, which is the support level where the first pullback that emerges from the first peak stops.

If the double top pattern is something you want to incorporate into your own trading, then you need to train your eyes to spot the shape you see in the image below:

Once you see the patterns, you need to know how you can enter, place your stop and place the target for the double top reversal pattern.

Strategy to trade Double Tops

The double top is a versatile reversal pattern that presents two ways you could possibly trade this pattern. Both ways require waiting for the double top to be confirmed by the market. We don’t want to anticipate this price formation, but instead, we want this pattern to build itself.

The standard entry strategy for the double top is to wait for a break and a close below the neckline before selling. A more aggressive approach is to sell once we break below the neckline without waiting for confirmation. Alternatively, you can use a more conservative approach and wait for a break and a retest of the neckline before selling. You can do this by simply placing a sell limit order near the neckline.

Momentum is the fuel of prices thus if we have a violent reaction lower from the first and the second peaks, the more energy the price has to break below the neckline and go much lower. When analyzing the double top pattern, it’s important to gauge the momentum activity because it will tell you if there is enough supply to outpace demand.

The way the double tops (double bottoms) work is that after the break the price tends to travel the same price distance that can be measured from the neckline to the top. This should give us a fairly realistic expectation of how far the price should travel to the downside and thus a very productive exit strategy.

The double top price structure also offers us with a very logical place to hide our protective stop loss. The ideal place to hide your stop loss is above the two peaks. A break above this resistance level will automatically invalidate the double top pattern.

Let’s now look through some real chart examples of the double top pattern from my trading.

Double Top Real Trading Examples

The AUD/USD 15-minutes chart below highlights a perfect double top reversal pattern that reaches the profit target before getting back into the previous trading range.

An example of the double bottom pattern, which is the inverted version of the double top pattern, can be seen in the figure below:

visual representation of a real rising wedge pattern

Conclusion

When trading double top reversal patterns you have to keep in mind that you need to have a confirmed bullish trend otherwise you won’t have enough profit to make the pattern work for you. Not all double tops are created equal, so we want to only trade those double tops that offer a bigger risk to reward ratio.

Trading Forex and CFDs is not suitable for all investors and comes with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 75-90% of retail investors lose money trading these products. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.